Non-Cognizable Offences

Non-cognizable offences are those offences in which the police officer may arrest only after being duly authorized by a warrant. Non-cognizable offences are, generally, relatively less serious offences than cognizable offence.

  1. Non cognizable offences are those, where a police officer cannot arrest without a warrant.
  2. In such offences for arrest, all the steps have to be followed like
    1. Filing of complaint/F.I.R.
    2. Investigation
    3. Charge sheet,
    4. Charge sheet to be filed in court
    5. Trial
    6. Final order of arrest if case has been made out.
Also Read: Cognizable Offence
Following are some examples of non-cognizable offences.
  1. Owner or occupier of land not giving information of riot etc.
  2. A public servant unlawfully engaging in trade.
  3. A public servant disobeying a direction of the law with intent to cause injury to any person.
  4. Bribery during elections.
  5. Absconding to avoid service of summons or other proceeding from a public servant, like where summons or notice require attendance in person etc, in a court of justice.
  6. Making any false statement in connection with an election.
  7. Obstructing public servant in discharge of his public functions.
  8. Refusing to take oath when duly required taking oath by a pubic servant.
  9. Fraudulent use of false instrument for weighting.
  10. Giving or fabricating false evidence in a judicial proceeding.
  11. Selling any food or drink as food and drink knowing the same to be noxious.
  12. False claim in a court of justice.
  13. Offering for sale or issuing from a dispensary any drug or medical preparation known to have been adulterated.
  14. Voluntarily causing hurt on grave and sudden provocation, not intending to hurt any other than the person, who gave the provocation.
  15. Dishonest misappropriation of movable property, or converting it to one’s own use.
  16. Buying or disposing of any person as a slave.