Non-cognizable offences are those offences in which the police officer may arrest only after being duly authorized by a warrant. Non-cognizable offences are, generally, relatively less serious offences than cognizable offence.
NON- COGNIZABLE OFFENCE
- Non cognizable offences are those, where a police officer cannot arrest without a warrant.
- In such offences for arrest, all the steps have to be followed like
- Filing of complaint/F.I.R.
- Charge sheet,
- Charge sheet to be filed in court
- Final order of arrest if case has been made out.
Also Read: Cognizable Offence
EXAMPLES OF NON-COGNIZABLE OFFENCES ARE
Following are some examples of non-cognizable offences.
- Owner or occupier of land not giving information of riot etc.
- A public servant unlawfully engaging in trade.
- A public servant disobeying a direction of the law with intent to cause injury to any person.
- Bribery during elections.
- Absconding to avoid service of summons or other proceeding from a public servant, like where summons or notice require attendance in person etc, in a court of justice.
- Making any false statement in connection with an election.
- Obstructing public servant in discharge of his public functions.
- Refusing to take oath when duly required taking oath by a pubic servant.
- Fraudulent use of false instrument for weighting.
- Giving or fabricating false evidence in a judicial proceeding.
- Selling any food or drink as food and drink knowing the same to be noxious.
- False claim in a court of justice.
- Offering for sale or issuing from a dispensary any drug or medical preparation known to have been adulterated.
- Voluntarily causing hurt on grave and sudden provocation, not intending to hurt any other than the person, who gave the provocation.
- Dishonest misappropriation of movable property, or converting it to one’s own use.
- Buying or disposing of any person as a slave.